Pulling together some of the more interesting studies I’ve come across. I”ll continue updating this page over the next few days.

  • Do New Housing Units in Your Backyard Raise Your Rents?

    “I provide event study evidence that for every 10% increase in the housing stock, rents decrease 1% and sales prices also decrease within 500 feet. In addition, I show that new high-rises attract new restaurants, which is consistent with the hypothesis about amenity effects. However, I find that the supply effect is larger, causing net reductions in the rents and sales prices of nearby residential properties.”
  • The Effects of Rent Control Expansion on Tenants, Landlords, and Inequality: Evidence from San Franciso

    “Leveraging new data tracking individual’s migration, we find rent control limits renters’ mobility by 20 percent and lowers displacement from San Francisco. Landlords treated by rent control reduce rental housing supplies by 15 percent by selling to owner-occupants and redeveloping buildings. Thus, while rent control prevents displacement of incumbent renters in the short run, the lost rental housing supply likely drove up market rents in the long run, ultimately undermining the goals of the law.”
  • Geographic and Temporal Variation in Housing Filtering Rates

    “While at a national level filtering is an important long-term source of lower-income housing, this research shows that there is a wide range of filtering rates both across and within metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) for owner-occupied properties. Notably, in some markets, properties “filter up” to higher-income households.”
  • Housing Constraints and Spatial Misallocation

    “Misallocation arises because high productivity cities like New York and the San Francisco Bay Area have adopted stringent restrictions to new housing supply, effectively limiting the number of workers who have access to such high productivity. … we find that these constraints lowered aggregate US growth by 36 percent from 1964 to 2009.”
  • Ignorance Is Bliss? Rent Regulation, Policy Awareness, and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from New York City

    “I find that rent-stabilized tenants are more likely to be unemployed compared with tenants in private market-rate units, particularly among white and high-skilled tenants. … The impact of rent stabilization on unemployment only exists among tenants who are aware of their regulation status.”
  • Land Use Regulations and Fertility Rates

    “We find a significant negative relationship between land use restrictions and fertility rates across all measures and geographies. Specifically, we find that land use regulations reduce fertility rates for teens and women in their twenties while increasing the fertility rate for women in their thirties or older to a lesser degree.”
  • The Local Residential Land Use Regulatory Environment Across U.S. Housing Markets: Evidence from a New Wharton Index

    “The most highly regulated markets are on the two coasts, with the San Francisco and New York City metropolitan areas being the most highly regulated according to our metric. … Moreover, regulation in most large coastal markets increased over time.”
  • Rent control, market segmentation, and misallocation: Causal evidence from a large-scale policy intervention

    “We find a robust positive effect on free-market rents in response to the introduction of rent control. Further, we document that rent control reduced the propensity to move house within rent controlled areas, but only among high income households.”
  • Supply Shock Versus Demand Shock: The Local Effects of New Housing in Low-Income Areas

    “New buildings decrease nearby rents by 5 to 7 percent relative to locations slightly farther away or developed later, and they increase in-migration from low-income areas. Results are driven by a large supply effect–we show that new buildings absorb many high-income households–that overwhelms any offsetting endogenous amenity effect. … Contrary to common concerns, new buildings slow local rent increases rather than initiate or accelerate them.”
  • Zoning and the Cost of Housing: Evidence from Silicon Valley, Greater New Haven, and Greater Austin

    “Municipal zoning, shockingly, may be the most consequential regulatory program in the United States. …

    The final parts of the article are more overtly normative. They present the case fo boosting permitted residential densities in urban areas of the United States. To counter neighborhood NIMBYism, state legislatures should either preempt local discretion over what can be built, or reward localities that allow denser housing.”